Aggregate data about claims filed with the Copyright Claims Board

About this page

Once a week or so I run a script to collect information about newly available public documents on eCCB. I store that information in a SQLite database that you can download from Github if you want to run your own queries. Because the information is collected by a script and mostly not checked by a human, I can't guarantee that it's 100% accurate. It should be pretty close, and more accurate than what I was capturing with the old scripts (e.g. if two reasons are found in a dismissal order, both are now collected). I've been watching CCB data since the CCB was a few months old, and I've tried to make sure the script accounts for a variety of rare occurrences and edge cases. I also have it prompt for human input when the data it grabs is hard to interpret.

This page collects the results of some of the queries I thought would be most interesting. You can contact me (Katie Fortney) at bibliobaloney@duck.com if you have questions about other queries. I use that address for this project because while it combines my interest in copyright with my programming hobby, it's not particularly related to the work that I do for the University of California.

If you're looking for the CCB info that used to be here, it's been archived and will no longer be updated. If you want to skim or search what claimants are writing in their claims, you can download a file that incudes that language for: Infringement claims (.csv); Noninfringement claims (.csv); or DMCA misrepresentation claims (.csv).

Page last updated 2024-05-19


Final Determinations

Per the CCB website, "A CCB proceeding becomes 'active' after the claimant has filed proof of service with the CCB, and the respondent ... has not opted out within the required time (usually sixty days). ... After parties have submitted their written testimony and any hearings have been held, the CCB will issue its final determination."

Final determinations issued: 24

Docket Number Caption Determination type Damages Claimant represented? Date Case duration (days)
22-CCB-0015 Morly Investments Pty Ltd (imprint: The High Street Publishing Company) v. The Walt Disney Company, et al Default 0 No 2024-05-13 645
22-CCB-0058 Shocked v. Billington Final Determination 0 No 2024-04-03 628
23-CCB-0035 Comedy Spotlight Productions, Inc. v. Store on Sunset LLC, et al Final Determination 0 Yes 2024-03-08 408
22-CCB-0183 Schirmacher v. Allora Medical Spa Default 7000 Yes 2024-02-16 504
22-CCB-0255 Hirsch v. Southern Chinese Daily News, LLC Default 3600 Yes 2024-02-14 440
22-CCB-0263 Shocked v. McInnes Final Determination 750 No 2024-02-08 423
22-CCB-0046 Oakes v. Heart of Gold Pageant System Inc., et al Default 4500 Yes 2024-01-24 566
23-CCB-0071 Joe Hand Promotions, Inc. v. Dawson, et al Default 0 Yes 2024-01-02 321
22-CCB-0008 Corjulo v. Mandrell Final Determination 2250 No 2023-12-14 546
22-CCB-0012 Bronner v. EssayZoo Default 1200 No 2023-11-20 522
23-CCB-0172 Kenna Sato Designs, LLC v. Lisitsa Settlement 300 Yes 2023-11-14 182
22-CCB-0005 Dermansky v. Rule 62, Inc. Default 1350 Yes 2023-11-01 503
22-CCB-0137 Urbanlip.com Ltd v. Faviana International Inc Default 2600 Yes 2023-11-01 427
22-CCB-0112 Paramount Pictures Corporation v. JMC POP UPS LLC Settlement No information provided Yes 2023-10-23 425
22-CCB-0251 Pinwheel Crafts LLC v. Pettit Settlement 0 No 2023-10-19 322
22-CCB-0100 Joe Hand Promotions, Inc. v. The Village Restaurant LLC d/b/a Indian Village Restaurant & Lounge, et al Default 3300 Yes 2023-10-04 418
22-CCB-0098 Joe Hand Promotions, Inc. v. Arif Skyline Cafe LLC, et al Default 3000 Yes 2023-09-22 407
22-CCB-0219 Hursey v. Hakimian Global LLC Default 3000 No 2023-09-22 329
22-CCB-0163 Hursey v. QUINNEY Default 3000 No 2023-08-31 343
22-CCB-0056 Hursey v. Lavaca LLC Default 3000 No 2023-08-24 405
22-CCB-0269 ARMATUS DEALER UPLIFT, LLC v. Wooden Automotive Consultants LLC Settlement 9000 Yes 2023-07-05 202
22-CCB-0072 Scott Douglas Ora, individually, and in his derivative capacity as trustee of the Leo Robin Trust, on behalf of the Leo Robin Trust v. Warner Chappell Music Dismissal 0 No 2023-06-27 335
22-CCB-0045 Oppenheimer v. Prutton Final Determination 1000 Yes 2023-02-28 236
22-CCB-0035 Flores v. Mitrakos Settlement 0 No 2023-02-15 232

Active Cases

Per the CCB website, "A CCB proceeding becomes 'active' after the claimant has filed proof of service with the CCB, and the respondent ... has not opted out within the required time (usually sixty days)." Once a final determination is issued, a case is no longer active.

Number of active claims as of 2024-05-19: 38

For these active cases, average number of days since the earliest available claim was filed (as of 2024-05-19): 178

Types of claims

Claim type Cases
Infringement 36
DMCA Misrepresentation 2

Potential for default

Is there anything on the docket that was filed by a respondent (not a claimant or the CCB)?

Any filings by respondent? Cases
Yes 25
No 13

Representation

What percent of the claims were filed by claimants with attorneys?

This information is pulled from the earliest publicly available claim filed in a case, and is only available when a claim is publicly available.

Currently active cases

42% of claims had claimants with representation.

0 claims had multiple law firms representing claimants.

Law firm Cases
No law firm 23
The Law Firm of Higbee and Associates 4
Burns the Attorney, Inc. 1
Christensen O'Connor Johnson Kindness PLLC 1
Higbee & Associates 1
Ice Miller LLP 1
Leichtman Law PLLC 1
Axenfeld Law Group, LLC 1
Evans & Dixon 1
The Brickell IP Group, PLLC 1
Law Office of Elizabeth T Russell LLC 1
Driscoll & Seltzer, PLLC 1
H. Roske & Associates LLP 1
TBillick Law PLLC 1

Active plus formerly active

76% of claims had claimants with representation.

0 claims had multiple law firms representing claimants.

Law firm Cases
No law firm 34
The Law Firm of Higbee and Associates 6
Higbee & Associates 3
Jekielek & Janis 3
Leichtman Law PLLC 2
Ice Miller LLP 1
H. Roske & Associates LLP 1
Driscoll & Seltzer, PLLC 1
Law Office of Elizabeth T Russell LLC 1
The Brickell IP Group, PLLC 1
Evans & Dixon 1
Axenfeld Law Group, LLC 1
Burns the Attorney, Inc. 1
Christensen O'Connor Johnson Kindness PLLC 1
Cognition IP, P.C. 1
L/O Lawrence G Townsene 1
Law Office of Steven Wrobel LLC 1
Kilpatrick Townsend & Stockton LLP 1
Gurr Brande & Spendlove, PLLC 1
TBillick Law PLLC 1

All cases filed

24% of claims (where the claim is available) had claimants with representation.

(See All Cases below for more information about all claims.)


Open Cases

Cases that have not yet reached the active phase, but also have not yet been dismissed/closed. For an overview of the steps between a claim filing and becoming active, see this flowchart at the CCB website.

Current status

Status Cases
Waiting for Proof of Service 37
Waiting for Amended Claim 30
Waiting for Scheduling Order/Expiration of Opt Out Window 24
Waiting for Initial Review 16
Waiting for Review of Amended Claim 5
In Abeyance 2

Historical status numbers


Dismissed Cases

Reasons for dismissal

Totals may be more than the total number of dismissal orders because a few orders include two reasons, e.g. bad faith and failure to amend.

A few claims have been dismissed as the result of a settlement with the condition that they are initially without prejudice but will become dismissals with prejudice if the claimant does not file a new claim within a certain period of time. I have abbreviated this as "Settlement; prejudice pending."

There's also a pie chart for the reasons across all dismissals so far.

All dismissals

Reasons Orders
Failure to amend 280
Proof of service not filed 121
Respondent(s) opted out 84
Request from claimant 71
3 tries and still noncompliant 40
Settlement; dismissed with prejudice 32
Copyright registration refused by Copyright Office 14
Bad-faith conduct 9
Service was not valid 8
Failure to provide respondent address 8
Settlement; dismissed without prejudice 5
Settlement; prejudice pending 3
Foreign respondent; no bad faith found 3
Payment for the claim failed 2
Second filing fee not paid 1
Copyright registration application abandoned 1

Represented claimants

Reasons Orders
Proof of service not filed 38
Respondent(s) opted out 27
Request from claimant 24
Failure to amend 23
Settlement; dismissed with prejudice 20
Settlement; dismissed without prejudice 4
3 tries and still noncompliant 2
Settlement; prejudice pending 2
Copyright registration refused by Copyright Office 1
Bad-faith conduct 1

Unrepresented claimants

Reasons Orders
Failure to amend 257
Proof of service not filed 83
Respondent(s) opted out 57
Request from claimant 47
3 tries and still noncompliant 38
Copyright registration refused by Copyright Office 13
Settlement; dismissed with prejudice 12
Bad-faith conduct 8
Service was not valid 8
Failure to provide respondent address 8
Foreign respondent; no bad faith found 3
Payment for the claim failed 2
Second filing fee not paid 1
Settlement; dismissed without prejudice 1
Copyright registration application abandoned 1
Settlement; prejudice pending 1

Past 30 days - all claimants

Reasons Orders
Failure to amend 17
Respondent(s) opted out 12
Proof of service not filed 6
3 tries and still noncompliant 4
Request from claimant 4
Settlement; dismissed with prejudice 1

Past 30 days - represented claimants

Reasons Orders
Failure to amend 5
Respondent(s) opted out 3
Settlement; dismissed with prejudice 1
Request from claimant 1
Proof of service not filed 1

Past 30 days - unrepresented claimants

Reasons Orders
Failure to amend 12
Respondent(s) opted out 9
Proof of service not filed 5
3 tries and still noncompliant 4
Request from claimant 3

1st year of CCB - all claimants

Reasons Orders
Failure to amend 130
Proof of service not filed 62
Respondent(s) opted out 40
Request from claimant 28
3 tries and still noncompliant 13
Failure to provide respondent address 8
Settlement; dismissed with prejudice 5
Copyright registration refused by Copyright Office 4
Foreign respondent; no bad faith found 3
Settlement; dismissed without prejudice 2
Service was not valid 2
Bad-faith conduct 1
Copyright registration application abandoned 1

1st year of CCB - represented claimants

Reasons Orders
Proof of service not filed 27
Respondent(s) opted out 20
Failure to amend 10
Request from claimant 5
Settlement; dismissed with prejudice 3
Settlement; dismissed without prejudice 2

1st year of CCB - represented claimants

Reasons Orders
Failure to amend 120
Proof of service not filed 35
Request from claimant 23
Respondent(s) opted out 20
3 tries and still noncompliant 13
Failure to provide respondent address 8
Copyright registration refused by Copyright Office 4
Foreign respondent; no bad faith found 3
Settlement; dismissed with prejudice 2
Service was not valid 2
Bad-faith conduct 1
Copyright registration application abandoned 1

Days elapsed betwen filing of initial claim filing of order dismissing claim

This data is only available for cases where the date of the filing of the claim is known.

All dismissals

Average: 115

Median: 98

Mode: [73, 87]

Dismissals in the past 30 days

Average: 96

Median: 69

Mode: [180]

Dismissals in the 1st year of the CCB

Average: 102

Median: 89

Mode: [73]


All Cases

Opening and resolution

Dockets found: 849

Claims dismissed/closed: 694

Status Cases
Dismissed Without Prejudice 630
Dismissed With Prejudice 34
Final Determination - Default 13
Closed; looks like payment failed 6
Final Determination 5
Final Determination - Settlement 5
Final Determination - Dismissal 1

Final determinations issued: 24

Historical opening and closing numbers

Types of claims

The information about types of claims, representation, and whether a claimant has selcted the smaller claims track is pulled from the earliest publicly available claim filed in a case, and is only available when a claim is publicly available.

All claims

Claim type Cases
Infringement 671
DMCA Misrepresentation 81
Infringement, DMCA Misrepresentation 56
Noninfringement 13
Infringement, Noninfringement, DMCA Misrepresentation 10
Noninfringement, DMCA Misrepresentation 6

Past 30 days

Claim type Cases
Infringement 18
DMCA Misrepresentation 6
Noninfringement 1
Infringement, Noninfringement, DMCA Misrepresentation 1
Infringement, DMCA Misrepresentation 1

1st year of CCB

Claim type Cases
Infringement 398
Infringement, DMCA Misrepresentation 35
DMCA Misrepresentation 34
Noninfringement 5
Infringement, Noninfringement, DMCA Misrepresentation 4
Noninfringement, DMCA Misrepresentation 3

Smaller claims

"When total damages sought in a claim do not exceed $5,000 (exclusive of attorneys' fees and costs), a claimant may request consideration under the CCB's 'Smaller Claims' procedures. Smaller Claims will be decided by a single Copyright Claims Officer, but the determination will have the same effect as one issued by the full CCB. These types of cases are even more streamlined than the typical cases before the CCB."

Are claimants selecting the "smaller claim" option?

All claims

Smaller? Cases
No 476
Yes 361

Past 30 days

Smaller? Cases
Yes 16
No 11

1st year of CCB

Smaller? Cases
No 293
Yes 186

Representation

Is there a law firm for the claimant listed in the claim?

All claims

24% of claims had claimants with representation.

0 claims had multiple law firms representing claimants.

(To save space, this table only includes law firms listed on two or more claims.)

Law firm Cases
No law firm 684
Jekielek & Janis 47
The Law Office of David C. Deal, P.L.C. 20
The Law Firm of Higbee and Associates 14
H. Roske & Associates LLP 12
Leichtman Law PLLC 10
Higbee & Associates 7
Doniger / Burroughs 6
Burns the Attorney, Inc. 6
Law Office of Eric Ridley 4
Axenfeld Law Group, LLC 3
The Brickell IP Group, PLLC 3
Evans & Dixon 3
Donahue Fitzgerald LLP 3
Seiller Waterman 3
Selman Munson and Lerner 2
Howard O. Bernstein, P.C. 2
McCulloch Kleinman Law 2
UCI Intellectual Property, Arts, and Technology Clinic 2

Past 30 days

7% of claims had claimants with representation.

0 claims had multiple law firms representing claimants.

Law firm Cases
No law firm 27
Seiller Waterman 1
Mosley & Associates 1

1st year of CCB

27% of claims had claimants with representation.

0 claims had multiple law firms representing claimants.

(To save space, this table only includes law firms listed on two or more claims.)

Law firm Cases
No law firm 376
Jekielek & Janis 29
The Law Office of David C. Deal, P.L.C. 20
The Law Firm of Higbee and Associates 10
Leichtman Law PLLC 7
Higbee & Associates 7
Burns the Attorney, Inc. 5
Law Office of Eric Ridley 3
Axenfeld Law Group, LLC 3
The Brickell IP Group, PLLC 2
Donahue Fitzgerald LLP 2
Howard O. Bernstein, P.C. 2
Evans & Dixon 2
McCulloch Kleinman Law 2

Infringement Claims: Works Allegedly Infringed

In the database I created I have chosen to only include information on works from infringement claims. Some claims list multiple works. The data here describes all works listed in all infringement claims, not just, e.g., the first listed work.

Types of works

All claims

Type of work Works
Pictorial Graphic and Sculptural (such as two-dimensional and three-dimensional works of art, graphic art, and photographs) 586
Motion picture and audiovisual 211
Sound recordings 190
Literary (such as fiction, nonfiction, poetry, reference works) 137
Musical (such as the underlying musical composition) 76
Other 53
Dramatic (such as a screenplay, play or other script) 17
Software 16
Architectural 5

Past 30 days

Type of work Works
Pictorial Graphic and Sculptural (such as two-dimensional and three-dimensional works of art, graphic art, and photographs) 20
Sound recordings 20
Motion picture and audiovisual 5
Literary (such as fiction, nonfiction, poetry, reference works) 1
Dramatic (such as a screenplay, play or other script) 1
Musical (such as the underlying musical composition) 1
Other 1

1st year of CCB

Type of work Works
Pictorial Graphic and Sculptural (such as two-dimensional and three-dimensional works of art, graphic art, and photographs) 352
Sound recordings 136
Motion picture and audiovisual 129
Literary (such as fiction, nonfiction, poetry, reference works) 67
Musical (such as the underlying musical composition) 53
Other 26
Dramatic (such as a screenplay, play or other script) 9
Software 7
Architectural 4

Registration

For works allegedly infringed, did the claimant assert that the work was already registered at the time the claim was filed? Note that sometimes claimants assert this when it is not the case; I collected purported registration numbers and request numbers, but did not perform any checks or analysis on those numbers.

All claims

Registered? Works
Yes 921
No 370

Past 30 days

Registered? Works
Yes 32
No 17

1st year of CCB

Registered? Works
Yes 621
No 162

Claimants

Claimants appearing on 3 or more claims

Claimants Cases
Joe Hand Promotions, Inc. 47
Michelle Shocked 15
Games Workshop Limited 12
Amy Do 10
World Media Alliance Label inc 9
Julie Dermansky 9
David Bibiyan 8
Jean M Guerrero 8
Dana Hursey 8
Langston M Childs 8
Keith F. Bell 6
Pinwheel Crafts LLC 6
William Grecia 5
Helen Walters 5
Floatsup, LLC 5
VideoHat LLC 4
Hillary Wright 4
Keith F Bell 4
Nucleus Medical Media, Inc. 4
Gergely Turi 4
Florian Sommet 3
James Colwell 3
Nadine Hokayem 3
Eckart Klobe 3
Photolive Inc. dba Stockyard Photos 3
Martin McNeil 3
Richard Gideons 3
Helen Walters, Ms 3
Independent-International Pictures Corp. 3
Anna Elizabeth 3
Shenzhiyishoumaoyishenzhenyouxiangongsi 3
Allen Nelson 3
Angela M Jarman 3
Terrell Lipscomb 3
Dolls Kill, Inc. 3
Jon Q Wright 3
Catalina M Jaramillo 3
Gan Shu 3
lead creation inc 3
Steven Hirsch 3

Respondents

Respondents appearing on 3 or more claims

Respondents Cases
Eamann M Ghasemy 12
YouTube 8
The Rochester Oratorio Society, Inc. 8
YouTube, LLC 8
Google LLC 5
Abdsulsalam Issa 5
Townsville Realty LLC 4
Clayton Morris 4
YouTube LLC 3
Apple Inc. 3
Tracy Armstrong 3
Alex Brecher 3
Universal Music Group 3
Chris Buechner 3
Amazon 3

Respondents opting out of 2 or more claims

Respondents have opted out 70 times.

Download a CSV of all opt outs.

Respondents opting out Cases
YouTube 2
Bellisimo European Day Spa, LLC 2

Orders to Amend

This data was collected by scraping all relevant headings from all publicly availble documents matching the type "Order to Amend Noncompliant Claim." The problems with claims can vary widely, and the attorneys writing the orders to amend aren't limited to a predefined set of headings. Because of that, similar reasons/headings appear in the table below, and the full tables would be very long, so I've trimmed them as indicated below. The full list of headings found, and counts for each, is provided at the end of the page for those who want to do their own analysis.

Note that many of the orders to amend include multiple reasons.

Top reasons - all orders

All orders to amend

1726 reasons collected from 681 orders in 525 cases.

Showing first 20 rows.

Reason Orders
Substantial Similarity 158
Access 136
Copyright Infringement — Elements 106
Copyright Registration 73
Foreign Respondent 61
Infringing Activity 56
Legal or Beneficial Ownership 44
Copyright Infringement — Substantial Similarity 41
Copyright Infringement — Access 40
Copyright Infringement Claim — Registration 38
Copyright Infringement — Infringing Activity 33
Copyright Infringement Claim — Elements 30
Copyright Infringement Claim — Substantial Similarity 29
Allegedly Infringed Work 25
Copyright Infringement Claim — Clarity 23
Copyright Infringement Claim — Access 23
Respondent Clarity 22
Registration 22
Registration Number 18
Relief Requested 18

Represented claimants

150 reasons collected from 87 orders in 67 cases.

Showing first 20 rows.

Reason Orders
Access 12
Substantial Similarity 12
Foreign Respondent 12
Copyright Infringement — Elements 7
Copyright Infringement Claim — Elements 6
Copyright Infringement Claim — Substantial Similarity 5
Infringing Activity 5
Misrepresentation — Elements 5
Permissible Claim 5
Copyright Registration 4
Respondent Information 3
Copyright Infringement Claim — Clarity 3
Copyright Infringement Claim — Access 3
Respondent Address 3
Improper Form 3
Claimant Address 3
Legal or Beneficial Ownership 2
Copyright Infringement — Access 2
Copyright Infringement — Substantial Similarity 2
Registration 2

Unrepresented claimants

1576 reasons collected from 594 orders in 458 cases.

Showing first 20 rows.

Reason Orders
Substantial Similarity 146
Access 124
Copyright Infringement — Elements 99
Copyright Registration 69
Infringing Activity 51
Foreign Respondent 49
Legal or Beneficial Ownership 42
Copyright Infringement — Substantial Similarity 39
Copyright Infringement — Access 38
Copyright Infringement Claim — Registration 37
Copyright Infringement — Infringing Activity 33
Allegedly Infringed Work 25
Copyright Infringement Claim — Elements 24
Copyright Infringement Claim — Substantial Similarity 24
Respondent Clarity 21
Copyright Infringement Claim — Access 20
Registration 20
Copyright Infringement Claim — Clarity 20
Registration Number 17
Online Service Provider 17

Top reasons - past 30 days

All orders

59 reasons collected from 24 orders in 21 cases.

Reason Orders
Substantial Similarity 9
Access 6
Infringing Activity 4
Noninfringement Claim — Clarity 4
Proper Respondent 3
Copyright Infringement — Elements 3
Copyright Registration 2
Legal or Beneficial Ownership 2
Misrepresentation — Clarity 2
Foreign Respondent 2
Impermissible Claim 2
Allegedly Infringed Works 2
Misrepresentation 2
Allegedly Infringed Work 2
Copyright Infringement — Legal or Beneficial Ownership 1
Online Service Providers 1
Work Infringed — Clarity 1
Proper Respondent — Co—owner 1
Permissible Claim — Noninfringement v. Infringement 1
Actual Claim or Controversy 1
Secondary Infringement 1
Noninfringement 1
Allegedly Infringed Work — Clarity 1
Permissible Claim 1
Misrepresentation Claim — Clarity 1
Contact Information 1
Unrelated Respondents 1
Authorized Use 1

Represented claimants

0 reasons collected from 0 orders in 0 cases.

Reason Orders

Unrepresented claimants

59 reasons collected from 24 orders in 21 cases.

Reason Orders
Substantial Similarity 9
Access 6
Infringing Activity 4
Noninfringement Claim — Clarity 4
Proper Respondent 3
Copyright Infringement — Elements 3
Copyright Registration 2
Legal or Beneficial Ownership 2
Misrepresentation — Clarity 2
Foreign Respondent 2
Impermissible Claim 2
Allegedly Infringed Works 2
Misrepresentation 2
Allegedly Infringed Work 2
Copyright Infringement — Legal or Beneficial Ownership 1
Online Service Providers 1
Work Infringed — Clarity 1
Proper Respondent — Co—owner 1
Permissible Claim — Noninfringement v. Infringement 1
Actual Claim or Controversy 1
Secondary Infringement 1
Noninfringement 1
Allegedly Infringed Work — Clarity 1
Permissible Claim 1
Misrepresentation Claim — Clarity 1
Contact Information 1
Unrelated Respondents 1
Authorized Use 1

Top reasons - first year of CCB operations

All orders

794 reasons collected from 323 orders in 265 cases.

Showing first 20 rows.

Reason Orders
Copyright Infringement — Substantial Similarity 41
Copyright Infringement — Access 40
Access 39
Substantial Similarity 39
Copyright Infringement — Elements 38
Copyright Infringement Claim — Registration 35
Foreign Respondent 32
Copyright Infringement — Infringing Activity 32
Copyright Infringement Claim — Substantial Similarity 28
Copyright Infringement Claim — Clarity 23
Copyright Infringement Claim — Access 22
Copyright Registration 19
Copyright Infringement Claim — Legal or Beneficial Ownership 17
Infringing Activity 16
Copyright Infringement Claim — Elements 16
Improper Pleading Form 15
Permissible Claim 13
Legal or Beneficial Ownership 10
Registration Number 9
Copyright Infringement Claim — Online Service Provider 9

Represented claimants

75 reasons collected from 43 orders in 38 cases.

Showing first 20 rows.

Reason Orders
Access 7
Substantial Similarity 6
Copyright Infringement Claim — Elements 5
Permissible Claim 5
Copyright Infringement Claim — Substantial Similarity 4
Claimant Address 3
Improper Form 3
Copyright Infringement Claim — Clarity 3
Copyright Infringement — Elements 3
Copyright Infringement Claim — Access 3
Copyright Infringement Claim — Legal or Beneficial Ownership 2
Foreign Respondent 2
Copyright Infringement — Access 2
Copyright Infringement — Substantial Similarity 2
Copyright Registration 2
Copyright Infringement Claim — Element of Access 1
Legal and Beneficial Owner 1
Copyright Infringement Claim — Registration 1
Respondent Address / Foreign Respondent 1
Copyright Infringement Claim — Impermissible Allegations 1

Unrepresented claimants

719 reasons collected from 280 orders in 227 cases.

Showing first 20 rows.

Reason Orders
Copyright Infringement — Substantial Similarity 39
Copyright Infringement — Access 38
Copyright Infringement — Elements 35
Copyright Infringement Claim — Registration 34
Substantial Similarity 33
Access 32
Copyright Infringement — Infringing Activity 32
Foreign Respondent 30
Copyright Infringement Claim — Substantial Similarity 24
Copyright Infringement Claim — Clarity 20
Copyright Infringement Claim — Access 19
Copyright Registration 17
Copyright Infringement Claim — Legal or Beneficial Ownership 15
Infringing Activity 15
Improper Pleading Form 14
Copyright Infringement Claim — Elements 11
Legal or Beneficial Ownership 10
Copyright Infringement Claim — Online Service Provider 9
Registration Number 8
Impermissible Claims 8

All reasons found

Download the CSV with counts for all reasons found across all orders to amend.